Theory Of Multiple Intelligence

Theory of Multiple Intelligence, proposed by Prof Howard Gardner, talks about the presence of different kind of intelligence profiles in Human Beings contrary to the popular belief of one single intelligence profile. If the intelligences that the individual possesses are properly nurtured, the individual can achieve the highest level of success in that particular domain.

The different intelligences (except Naturalistic Intelligence) were well explained by Gardner in his book
Frames of Mind (1983).

The details of 8 intelligences are summarized below :

Linguistic Intelligence



This is the ability of an individual to have command on a language (or languages). This intelligence can be seen in verbal as well as written form. The individuals are generally sensitive to semantics (Word meaning), pragmatics (context), syntax (sequence/order) and phonetics (speech sounds).

Logical Mathematical Intelligence



The individuals possessing this intelligence are equipped with logical thinking, deductive reasoning and pattern identification. These individuals love to calculate and solve real life problems. They generally have a logical approach to all the situations.

Visual Spatial Intelligence



This is the ability to think in three dimensions. Core capacities include mental imagery, spatial reasoning, image manipulation, graphic and artistic skills, and an active imagination.

Musical Intelligence



The individuals possessing this intelligence are considered to be naturally talented in music. These individuals are sensitive to pitch, rhythm, environmental sounds and timbre. This intelligence can be reflected in the form of singing, playing instruments, composing, appreciation of music etc.

Interpersonal Intelligence



This is the ability to understand and interact effectively with others. It involves effective verbal and nonverbal communication, leadership and teamwork skill, ability to convince others etc.

Intrapersonal Intelligence



This is the capacity to understand oneself and one’s thoughts and feelings, and to use such knowledge in planning and directioning one’s life. Intra-personal intelligence involves not only an appreciation of the self, but also of the human condition.

Naturalistic Intelligence



This is the intelligence that generates a curiosity towards the nature in an individual. The individuals possessing this intelligence are attentive towards the details of plants, animals, atmospheric changes and natural phenomena.

Body Kinesthetic Intelligence



The individuals possessing this intelligence are blessed with excellent coordination of their body parts. Individuals demonstrate good motor skills, perfect timing, good body language and ability to handle objects efficiently.

Possible career choices and famous personalities

While any possible task in this world involves the presence of the combination of the above intelligences, below are the possible career options that the individuals possessing a particular intelligence can pursue. (The list is not exhaustive)

Intelligence Career Options Famous Personalities
Linguistic Intelligence comedian, communications specialist, curator, editor in publishing, historian, journalist, lawyer, librarian, newscaster, poet, songwriter, speech-pathologist, talk-show host, teacher, language translator, writer, commentator Rabindranath Tagore, William Shakespeare, JK Rowling, Ruskin Bond, Paulo Coelho, Javed Akhtar, Gulzar, Swanand Kirkire, Premchand, Kaifi Azmi, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Kabirdas
Logical-Mathematical Intelligence Accountant, auditor computer analyst, computer technician, computer programmer, database designer, detective, economist, engineer, lawyer, mathematician, network analyst, pharmacist, physicist, researcher, scientist, statistician, bookkeeper Albert Einstein, Aryabhatt, Nicolas Copernicus, Kepler, APJ Abdul Kalam, Shakuntala Devi, Kalpana Chawla, Sunita Williams, Isaac Newton, RD Sharma
Visual Spatial Intelligence 3D modeling & simulation, architect, artist, engineer, film animator, graphic artist, interior decorator, photographer, navigator, outdoor guide, pilot, sculptor, strategic planner, surveyor, urban planner, Geographer Leonardo Da Vinci, Pablo Picasso, MF Hussain, Walt Disney, Manish Malhotra, Sarnath Banerjee, Vasco Da Gama, Dabboo Ratnani, Ritu Kumar, Neeta Lulla, Michelangelo, Captain Cook, Dipa Kumari, Lalita Lajmi, Anupama Kundu, Revathi kamath, Abhinav Bindra
Musical Intelligence Audiologist, choir director, disc jockey, music conductor, music camp, music critic , music lawyer, music librarian, music promoter, music teacher, music therapist, musician, orchestra director, piano tuner, recording engineer, singer, songwriter, sound editor, speech pathologist, voice actor, voice instructor Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosle, Md. Rafi, Kishore Kumar, RD Burman, SD Burman, AR Rahman, Sonu Nigam, Shreya Ghosal, Ustad Zakir Hussain, Pandit Ravi Shankar, Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma, Pandit Hari Prasad Chaurasia, Ustad Amjad Ali Khan
Interpersonal Intelligence Actor, administrator, communications manager, conflict resolution specialist, Movie Director, customer service rep, group mediator, Entrepreneur, human resources manager, marketing and sales specialist, nurse, politician, social director, social worker, teacher, trainer facilitator, travel counselor, journalist Mahatma Gandhi, MS Dhoni, Sourav Ganguly, Indira Gandhi, Narendra Modi, Sumitra Mahajan, Ram Jethmalani, Medha Patkar, Narayan Murty, Barkha Dutt, Jawaharlal Nehru, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Swami Vivekanand
Intrapersonal Intelligence Actor, artist, career counselor, consultant, intelligence officer, personal counselor, philosopher, entrepreneur, psychic, psychologist, spiritual counselor, theologian, therapist, writer, wellness counselor Swami Vivekanand, Osho, Dalai Lama, Howard Gardner, Sigmund Freud, William James, Immanuel Kant, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, John Locke, Descartes, Confucius
Naturalistic Intelligence air quality specialist, animal health, technician, anthropologist, astronomer, botanist, biologist, dog trainer, environmental lawyer, farmer, forest ranger, geologist, landscaper, meteorologist, nature photographer, veterinarian assistant, water conservationist, ecologist, wildlife illustrator, cook, physicist, chemistry specialist, hydrologist RK Pachauri, Charles Darwin, Medha Patkar, Mahadevi Verma, Rudyard Kipling, Ruskin Bond, CV Raman, Vandana Shiva, Sunderlal Bahuguna, Homi J Bhabha, JC Bose, Satyendranath Bose, CNR Rao, Marie Curie, Galileo, Copernicus, Stephen Hawking, Archimedes, Ruskin Bond
Body Kinesthetic Intelligence Actor, athlete, artist computer games, designer, craftsperson, dancer, doctor of sports , firefighter, forest ranger, jeweler, personal trainer, Phys Ed teacher, player, physical therapist, surgeon, yoga instructor Sachin Tendulkar, Hritik Roshan, Remo D’Souza, Sudha Chandran, Madhuri Dixit, Dipa Karmakar, Sakshi Malik, Sania Mirza, Leander Paes, Saina Nehwal, PV Sindhu, Mary Kom, P Gopichand, Tiger Woods, Roger Federer, Messi, Maradona, Pele, Usain Bolt, Michael Phelps, Baba Ramdev, Abhinav Bindra

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